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How to Update iPod Touch to Firmware 2.0 for Free

Apple has pushed the new iPod Touch Firmware 2.0 to iTunes. All iPod Touch users can upgrade to this latest firmware by paying a one-time fee of $9.25.

iPhone users, however, get to upgrade to firmware 2.0 absolutely free of cost. As I find this kind of unfair on part of Apple to charge only iPod Touch users, so I am going to help you upgrade iPod Touch to firmware 2.0 absolutely for free.

ipod20firm

Just follow the steps below and soon you will be having an updated iPod Touch 2.0 absolutely for free.

  1. Download iTunes from Here.
  2. Hold Shift and click Restore.
  3. Select iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw
  4. Enjoy!

The iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw firmware can be downloaded from any of the mirrors below. It is the complete stable and final iPod Touch Firmware 2.0 (5A347) and has been checked and tested.

Rapidshare mirror (Join parts using this software)

http://tinyurl.com/ipodtouch-firmware-2-part1
http://tinyurl.com/ipodtouch-firmware-2-part2
http://tinyurl.com/ipodtouch-firmware-2-part3

Uploaded.to mirror

http://uploaded.to/file/ih0z65/iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw

Freakshare mirror

http://freakshare.net/files/30208/iPod11_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw

Once you download the firmware locally on your PC, follow the steps above to update iPod Touch to Firmware 2.0.

Click here to Update to Firmware 3.0 on iPod Touch for Free now.

Comments

comments

{ 263 comments… add one }

  • Jay July 12, 2008, 5:37 pm

    Hi All

    I installed and it did updated firmware and does provide 2.0 interface.

    However somehow I am locked out of iTunes Store access from iPod (even the Itunes store button disappears).

    Finally when I installed apps they were initially properly synced to iPod. However after a period of time, iTunes refuses to synch apps and the existing apps on iPod fail to start.

    I think apple must be using iTunes to validate whether license for iPod firmware was purchased or not, and locks you out if it was not.

    Jay-
    Dubai, UAE (no iPhones 2.0 sold or imported here)

  • Nostroke July 12, 2008, 7:46 pm

    For those downloading rapidshare parts use HJSplit to join them in windows.

  • Jacob July 12, 2008, 8:09 pm

    Thanks so much!
    This is going to be so fun updating it for free.

    • Keven July 20, 2009, 10:09 pm

      yo i neede a step by step how to update or jailbreak my itouch cuz i dnt have app store on it n i want it

  • Hernan July 13, 2008, 1:06 am

    Thanks mate, you’ve just made my day!!!

    It works like a charm :)

  • kyle July 13, 2008, 1:54 am

    Is installer available on FW 2.0?

  • asn July 13, 2008, 2:03 am

    thanks it works like a charm!! this apple policy agains user is driving me nuts!

  • Matt July 13, 2008, 2:55 am

    HOLY CRAP!!!!
    Thanks a lot man! This actually works!!!!!!!!!

  • Chuck July 13, 2008, 3:12 am

    is this solution for both mac and windows? haven’t tried it yet, just asking while i wait for the d/l

  • asdf July 13, 2008, 3:48 am

    Maybe you could add, that in Mac OS X you have to press ALT (instead of shift in windows).

  • Bob July 13, 2008, 4:52 am

    Man you are great.
    it work fine
    i hope it works with every one
    i will try to upload the 2.0 frimwire on my website so you people will have a free quick way to download it
    thanks agian

  • Toan July 13, 2008, 8:04 am

    Will I lose Installer.app and all other stuffs if I update to firmware 2.0 ?

    • Priscilla January 3, 2009, 2:13 pm

      Yes, you will. I upgraded on my Jailbroken iPod and the Installer app was gone. And now I am trying to find a way to get it back. other than that… everything else is really cool.

  • Dam July 13, 2008, 8:52 am

    hey thanks for this … but .. i press shift and nothing happens.. Where or when its supposed to ask for this .ipsw file ??
    thanks for any suggestion

    • Daniela July 30, 2009, 2:09 am

      actually press the shift button the same time your press with your mouse the restore button on the summary tab of your ipod in the itunes window. then it’ll open a window and you search for the file you downloaded which might be desktop or documents most likely

  • Daruba July 13, 2008, 8:55 am

    Although I was willing to pay for the upgrade, I simply could not buy it because Apple don’t let some countries buy stuff using iTunes (like Aruba). My U$D visa seems to be worth nothing @ Apple.

    Thank you so much for making this available! It works just great, and it’s a beautiful upgrade overall.

  • peter July 13, 2008, 8:57 am

    whenever i try updating it, it says “an unknown error occurred (1403)”…….help?

  • Octavio July 13, 2008, 9:21 am

    I followed the last steps and I got this unkwown error 0xE8000035 Do you know why this is happening?

  • Sassy July 13, 2008, 9:49 am

    Is downloading this jailbreaking your iPod touch?

    • Hanz June 3, 2009, 4:59 pm

      I think so, yeah 😐

  • star boom July 13, 2008, 10:00 am

    This WORKS GREAT!!!!! Thanks I LOVE IT!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Jacob July 13, 2008, 6:54 pm

    Thanks! (I am the above poster)
    I have downloaded the whole thing yesterday and it worked like a charm.
    The only thing was, I got two errors about an iPhone but I don’t have an iPhone…
    I am still downloading free apps.
    You are the best!
    😀

  • Abeer Zaidi July 13, 2008, 8:46 pm

    hey, i live in saudi arabia and here these sites like

    http://tinyurl.com/ipodtouch-firmware-2-part2

    are blocked …..can anyone helpme out,…..im not in a mood to spend 10 bucks more….coz a couple of days ago ive boghuot it,…..kindly help…

  • jordan July 14, 2008, 2:00 am

    Thanx so much. My friend found a way but he couldn’t show me and now he is on vacation for a month so thanx a lot.

  • will July 14, 2008, 5:51 am

    you’re the man!! worked like a charm :) I have an 8gb ipod touch…fyi.

  • Jaime July 14, 2008, 6:16 am

    cool … Thanks alot this is what I was looking for.. Thank u very much.. I will try to follow ur steps some other time.. And see if it works.. If it doesn’t I will let you know..

    Thanks once again!!!!

  • Joshua July 14, 2008, 7:10 am

    Thankyou so much for the mirrors! YEAHH!! Appstore for free!

  • Imtee July 14, 2008, 10:10 am

    how can i update in windows Vista … i have itune7.7 but not able to update new version 2.0

    please help

  • Jayesh July 14, 2008, 10:50 am

    You are the man dude! Works fine :)

  • gelo July 14, 2008, 12:23 pm

    woh!!.your the man thanks for this info.

  • claire July 14, 2008, 2:32 pm

    ohk so i downloaded 7.7 itunes…but where do i click restore?…

    plz help.

    • RyanC February 4, 2009, 6:31 am

      You have to connect your iPod Touch to your computer. A screen will then come up showing your iPod’s info. If it doesn’t, then look over on the right of the iTunes window, and under the devices section. There will be an option with your iPod’s name. Click it. A little of center will be the “restore” button in question.

  • Georgia July 14, 2008, 3:38 pm

    Is there a way for this to work on Mac’s?
    Or do you know where restore is on a mac?
    By the way, where would you click on a PC for restore?

    • Kidd December 30, 2008, 3:08 pm

      Is it supposed to take a long time?

      • Chris July 21, 2009, 12:49 pm

        apparently it taking long as … did u get it working?

  • Jack July 14, 2008, 8:09 pm

    Wokrs great.!!Thaks a lot=)

  • Ali B July 14, 2008, 10:36 pm

    Wow u R Amazin Dude

  • da Questionable geek July 14, 2008, 11:46 pm

    where can you find your original firmaware file

  • luis July 15, 2008, 4:34 am

    i did everything its telling me here
    but i got a error message and now my ipod gets stuck
    in the connect to itunes screen
    i already reseted it like 5 times and nothin
    can any1 tell me how to fix this?

  • Sandesh Potla July 15, 2008, 7:21 am

    Thx, this actually worked. Ive tried everthing on youtube, but none worked for me ths sooo much

  • Dam July 15, 2008, 9:02 am

    I dont have any problem syncronizing or downloading apps, after installing this firmware you can restore it to the real firmware version of apple without pay.

    enjoy for free 😉

  • Daduy July 15, 2008, 10:27 pm

    ohhh no..

    IT WORKS!!!=)
    thank you so much for this!!!=)

  • Iain July 16, 2008, 1:20 am

    Worked like a charm. Thanks so much! The idea of paying Apple another $10 after the $20 Jan update really pissed me off.

    thanks again!
    iain

  • ipod touch fan July 16, 2008, 2:14 am

    Did anyone tried to jailbreak their ipod with ziphone with itunes 7.7? Did it work?

    • victor February 11, 2009, 10:44 am

      Hey it does work.

      You just have to restore the iPod and then just open the Ziphone folder and for the iPod is the second choice and it did work fine.

  • LG July 16, 2008, 4:56 am

    Thanks for the information, I greatly appreciate it!

    For those of you having trouble, after you download the new iTunes and the ipsw file from one of the addresses given in the original post, plug in your iPod touch. When iTunes opens, the restore button is located on the main tab where you would sync the files from your library. You want to hold down the shift key when you click on the restore button and a window should open asking for the ipsw file. It’ll work and tell you that the iPod is being restored to its factory settings but then you’ll see all the new features afterwards on the iPod screen. The only bummer is that all your files have to be re-synced but that’s just a minor issue.

    • aimee July 8, 2009, 9:29 am

      i downloaded it but when i press shift+restore the ipsw file doesnt appear in the window that opens!!!
      what should i do?????
      ( my ipod is first generation, 16G, firmware 1.1.5 )
      please help me!!
      thanks

  • Mael July 16, 2008, 12:53 pm

    Thank you so much. This really works. My daughter has one Ipod Touch and I upgraded hers for USD 10. Not willing to pay another USD 10 for my Touch that I took this suggestion. The total time is still faster even if you to have to do a re-sysnced.

  • dezzigner July 16, 2008, 4:25 pm

    Cool, it’s work on my 16Gb ipod touch.
    I have been tried to upgrade to 2.0 with many video guides from Youtube but they all craps!!
    For Mac user you have to hold down the shift key when you click on the restore button.
    Waiting for jailbreaking 2.0 and add installer.. :)
    Thanks dude!!!

  • Anthony July 17, 2008, 1:06 am

    Thanks for that
    It’s working well most the time, but my iPod randomly resets itself when i go to load an app. Do you know why?
    By the way, I downloaded from RapidShare.

  • Fan July 17, 2008, 4:53 am

    I’ve do it with Uploaded.to but when I click restore and click the firmware It says ”error 1403” what should I do?

    • Adrienne January 7, 2009, 10:23 am

      Yeah, that happened to me too. I’ve tried it 3 times, and error 1403 keeps popping up, and I really don’t want to buy it from iTunes. Does anyone here have a solution?

  • Jake July 17, 2008, 5:42 am

    Awsome load speed in west america will update on how it works

  • Jake July 17, 2008, 6:24 am

    beauty

  • bel July 17, 2008, 6:42 am

    bluff. i added the file, it told me “unknown error” in itunes 7.7.

  • ant July 17, 2008, 10:15 am

    far from a bluff, worked great, instructions are very easy. Thanks.

  • dezzigner July 17, 2008, 12:28 pm

    Revision for my comment
    For Mac user you have to hold down the alt/option key when you click on the restore button.

  • philip July 17, 2008, 3:39 pm

    This actually works
    thanks man
    it took me two hours and i live in norway

  • Leora July 17, 2008, 9:09 pm

    When I click restore (like restore to factory settings??), will it erase everything on my ipodtouch? (such as music, ect.)

  • tyrone July 17, 2008, 10:46 pm

    works like a charm thanks

  • Alyssa July 18, 2008, 1:46 am

    Bel,
    The same thing just happened to me.
    Idk why.
    I put my iPod in recovery mode,
    Downloaded the file.
    Pressed shift and clicked restore clicked the file and then it said unknown error!?!
    Help :(

    • Hanz June 3, 2009, 5:02 pm

      So, you have to delete it ALL? 😕

    • Alexjablonski April 22, 2011, 3:33 pm

      to all those who ever have this problem, it might be that you need to plug the ipod usb into the back of your computer. If you have a knock-off ipod cable and the first solution still doesnt work, then you may want to get a real ipod cable and retry. it worked for me. This is if you have error (2003)

  • Josh Myers July 18, 2008, 3:28 am

    HELP!

    I upgraded to the official Apple iPod Touch 2.0 software through iTunes and it worked fine for the first two days. After that I keep getting message saying that an “unknown error 0xE8000035 has occured”! I can’t use my iPod or sync. I’ve tried restoring and hard restarting. I’ve killed the battery twice and nothing works! HELP ME!

    Please e-mail me at sizlopedia@myersjj.com with any answers you might have!

  • monster July 18, 2008, 5:30 am

    worked for me too.
    i pod touch 32 gig. came with firmware 1.1.4

    install i tunes 7.7
    firmware 2.0 downloaded from uploaded.to mirror
    shift + restore in itunes
    select iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw

    let it update

    ill post if i have glitches.

    itunes store loaded fine on ipod. didnt try purchase nor will i ever. i do that.

    this is a firmware update so it will erase everything on the ipod. bookmarks, history, wpa wep keys, photos, music, video. EVERYTHING.

  • Jejp8486 July 19, 2008, 4:37 pm

    thank you very much. You’re the man.

  • Mafaz July 19, 2008, 10:02 pm

    hey, for tose of you who have problems with iTunes, just go to iTunes and click on ‘Restore’, this will restore your iPod to factory settings, since you already have the 2.0 ver. iTunes will download it for free and you will have the actual (Official) update without having to pay anything

  • mac b July 20, 2008, 5:43 pm

    thanks very much you saved me money works very well

  • Akis July 20, 2008, 7:35 pm

    Thank you very much my friend. Works fine

  • Eddy July 20, 2008, 8:55 pm

    For the person who asked about Installer on 2.0 read this… http://blog.iphone-dev.org/

  • andreas July 21, 2008, 2:53 am

    i cam get it work?? help me plzz..

  • cameron July 21, 2008, 5:29 am

    Yo, dude! thnx man it works so fucking nicely, u da man!!

  • ddgv July 21, 2008, 9:12 am

    well hi there… for the ppl asking if there was installer… well yes but there is pwnage involved first (look at the link above me…with the link to the dev team blog) BUT even if there is installer sadly there is NO apps ported to 2.0
    this means that none of the apps found in installer and in cydia (alternative to installer) will be able to work in firmware 2.0 … so in bottom line jailbreaking 2.0 does nothing except get you ready for the future apps (hopefully)

  • Deevesh July 21, 2008, 4:52 pm

    Wats the difference between Pwnage tool and download?

  • Ipodtouch fan July 21, 2008, 5:03 pm

    Can this be seen as jail breaking an i pod???

  • D-vsh July 21, 2008, 6:21 pm

    Does this work on i pod touch running on the 1.1.5 version?

  • Tom July 21, 2008, 10:48 pm

    Hay men.. thank u very much.. hope 2 hear more cool stuff from u. peace out!

  • laur July 22, 2008, 1:05 am

    i dont understand these directions fully.
    how would i do this on a Mac OS X computer, when i already have itunes 7.7 downloaded.
    thanksss

  • James July 22, 2008, 1:28 am

    I have newer version 1.1.5 and it won’t let me install the ipsw.
    It won’t give me the option to select the ipsw file. Anyone has the same problem.

  • Tadjelynn July 22, 2008, 4:32 am

    16GB iPod Touch
    1.1.4 Jailbroken

    Installed this update and it worked perfectly, though lost all jailbroken apps including Installer.app and Cydia. I am able to download apps using iTunes and put them on the iPod. I am not in a wifi area so I haven’t been able to test them, but it looks good so far.

    I’m pretty annoyed that it costs another $10 after already paying $20 before, and it also costs for most of the apps. But I guess we get the security of knowing Apple has checked all of these apps and if anything were to happen because of them Apple would warranty the iPod.

    Apple = Evil! But there is something attractive in evil.
    Damn them for making us want them more! -_^

  • TY July 22, 2008, 5:16 am

    i downloaded the file, but i too get the error 1403. What should i do?

  • VJ July 22, 2008, 8:33 am

    It took around 15 minutes but completed successfully upgrading firmware from 1.1.2 to 2.0 on my 8GB Apple Ipod Touch. Thanks a lot for your excellent step by step instructions.

  • Bobby July 22, 2008, 9:01 am

    sweet yo it worked thanks dude!
    great!!!!!!

  • Bobby July 22, 2008, 9:02 am

    sweet

  • D-vsh July 22, 2008, 2:09 pm

    Thnks works great!

  • Steve July 23, 2008, 9:26 am

    So before I do this, the Store still works after I do this?

  • narny July 23, 2008, 10:40 am

    hi thanks for your help but i was wonderin if ne1 could help me, whenevr i try and restore my ipod to firmware 2.0 it says an unknown error has occured ??

  • Cain July 23, 2008, 11:38 am

    Thanks for the information man…
    It worked!!!

  • Andy P July 23, 2008, 11:11 pm

    wait, do i have to restore my entire ipod to do this update?

  • rashard r July 24, 2008, 8:48 am

    Yeah it really worked
    thank u
    but it took a little 2 long 2
    and i had to restore it which took foreva

  • -MAORii-PRiiNCE July 24, 2008, 11:40 am

    shot man it works good
    on my 32 gb itouch well done! :)

  • Terrance July 25, 2008, 3:09 am

    Thanks Works Perfect

  • brian July 25, 2008, 7:02 am

    it worked…kind of.

    i can connect to the itunes store. anyone else have this problem?

  • Dayan July 25, 2008, 10:07 am

    Hey ppl,
    can anybody help me. tel me what is the difference between
    MA623LL/A and 623LL/B which seems to be the model of ipod touch?
    if i get the older version, and update it with software
    will it be exactly like the newer version? is there any other difference between those two>?

  • Kev July 27, 2008, 5:54 am

    yoo guys everything worked fine but when i try to install an app, it tells me to place connect to itunes while im already on itunes and the ipod is connected.. any suggestions?

  • Chevon July 27, 2008, 9:00 am

    Extra mirrors if anyone needs max speed, I’ve uploaded the firmware to rapidshare. If you have dsl, you can just turn off, then turn on your modem after each part so you don’t have to wait. The links are below in 3 parts.
    http://rapidshare.com/files/132720872/amoney3-ip2.0.part1.rar.html
    http://rapidshare.com/files/132721636/amoney3-ip2.0.part2.rar.html
    http://rapidshare.com/files/132728115/amoney3-ip2.0.part3.rar.html

  • et2007c July 27, 2008, 1:58 pm

    I had experience on two error code 1403 and 1602, error 1403 you need to re-download the another firmware again, error 1602 to uninstll and install iturn again. This update is work, thanks.

    • teaspoon February 24, 2009, 10:03 am

      I had these two errors also, but thanks to Et2007c I was able to get past them and update successfully.

      I had some long, tense moments when I thought I was stranded between versions, and I had to keep restarting the firmware download — took several tries and over 4 hours (*OMG* that “uploaded.to” mirror site is slow! Try searching for that restore file somewhere else, before using the ones linked on the page.)

      But finally, after downloading the firmware twice, and reinstalling iTunes, I updated my iTouch from 1.1.4 to 2.0 — and then let iTunes update it to 2.2.1 — and the process went very smoothly.

      After everything was working, I went ahead and did the jailbreak, which is fast and flawless. Now I have the best of both worlds!

  • cody July 28, 2008, 7:28 am

    what do u mean hold shift and click restore and the select the ipod thing where

  • Adam July 31, 2008, 1:11 am

    it worked!!! im restoring to apple’s version now to be safe, but holy crow, it worked!! thanks a bunch! :)

  • Aero July 31, 2008, 1:23 am

    hey, um… did anyone ever consider the possibility that apple is posting this and then they find you and arrest you? im staying away from it.

  • Guy August 1, 2008, 9:06 pm

    How to get installer for 2.0 ???
    It’s the best program ever !

    http://www.massivecashgenerator.com

  • abhi August 3, 2008, 2:20 pm

    Hi,

    I tries extracting but it gives an unknown error 5. Then the ipod would display a usb cable and itunes logo on the screen. I had to restore it to ver. 1.5

    Is this becuase i downloaded it illegally and since the itunes didnt detect the license forced me to use the older version…..please help….thx

  • justin August 3, 2008, 4:17 pm

    wow this is really cool thank you. i live in Malta where i cant get buy updates thanks to you i have 2.0 thank you very much

  • Snuffleupaguss August 4, 2008, 5:10 am

    No, mainly because they wouldn’t have a case as it would be entrapment.

  • Morgan August 4, 2008, 11:48 am

    does it work with ipod touch 16 gb version 1.1.5??

  • jstarina August 4, 2008, 3:42 pm

    Thanks a lot. That really work. You make my day.

  • mahmoud August 4, 2008, 4:22 pm

    wow.
    it works.
    it works

  • lloydi August 4, 2008, 10:08 pm

    thanks so much man!! works like a charm, my 32gig iPod Touch looks like a shining baby!!
    you’re a genius!!
    peace..

  • daniel August 5, 2008, 9:42 am

    yea I have iPod touch version 1.1.5 and 16gigs…..will this work????and this doesnt count as jailbreaking right?????? Thanks everyone!!!

  • Nekbeth August 5, 2008, 9:45 am

    Works like a Charm. Thanks !!! This is even more usefull for countries that still can’t buy from iTunes. (asks for US bank accounts)

  • carlos August 5, 2008, 9:25 pm

    ok i did everything u told me i download the itunes 7.7 i downloaded the firmware but i click all i tried shift alt both but it doesnt do anything help me please i have the 1.1.5 firmware help me please what should i do???

  • daniel August 8, 2008, 1:23 am

    guys i have a 16 gig ipod touch and im an idiot cause i just updated to 1.1.5, thinkin there would be new stuff. now theres no restore button, just a “restore backup” sign…..

    to all the updaters like me…I THINK WERE SCREWED! HELP!

  • Keira Starr August 8, 2008, 3:33 am

    Doesn’t work. I get an error and then I have to fully restore my iPod Touch. -.-

    I’m quite frustrated and irritated right now because it isn’t working and I’ve done your instructions exactly.

  • User August 9, 2008, 8:57 pm

    For those who are using the rapidshare links in downloading the FW, if your system is Windows XP, use HJSplit ( http://www.freebytesoftware.com/download/hjsplit.zip ) to join the three splitted files…

  • DK August 10, 2008, 12:29 pm

    Hi guys if you are looking for the faster download go to piratebay and type ipod touch 2.0 firmware you will get the best speed possible here.

  • Chiase... August 11, 2008, 4:16 pm

    It’s good and no problem !!! Tks so much !

  • Eric August 12, 2008, 8:59 pm

    I hope what Jay says isn’t true. =(

  • I Has A Bucket August 12, 2008, 9:39 pm

    Thanks dude. it works =)

  • Simone August 13, 2008, 2:38 am

    Works great, thanks!!

  • jambi August 13, 2008, 5:18 am

    worked a charm, many thanks

  • Ahmed August 13, 2008, 7:56 am

    i’m crying right now it works perfectly THANK U SO MUCH PEOPLE
    i love apple but they made lose so much money and i really wanted 2.0 i’ve tried everything before and it didn’t help but this is the ultimate help THANK U SO MUCH AGAIN

  • Alex August 13, 2008, 2:52 pm

    Hi, i seriously need help, i try to download the file but it always says “An unknown error occured 1403”, my ipod touch is also Jailbroken so would that have anything to do with the error, Plz reply and help
    Thanks.

  • lalo August 16, 2008, 2:42 am

    Does it works on iPod touch with software 1.4?

  • Help August 16, 2008, 8:59 pm

    I did everything the same but i keep getting error 1602

  • Bill August 16, 2008, 9:00 pm

    yeah i keep getting error 1602 same here

  • Ahmed August 17, 2008, 8:01 am

    thanks again but it is slow any help please thanks

  • Sam August 17, 2008, 8:50 am

    This is AWESOME!!!! thank you so much man, your so nice!! this makes my life so much more convenient thank you! 😀

  • daphne August 17, 2008, 4:23 pm

    Thanks, it worked like a charm!

  • tyrone August 18, 2008, 4:10 am

    hey i did this everything worked perfectly except my mail app. everytime i open mail app it crashes. anyone know how to fix this

  • CaNCeRiaN August 19, 2008, 4:28 pm

    Hey ..
    I did the update but now and after hocking the iPod to the iTunes, i got a message that there is a new update which is 2.0.2
    When i tried to download it i got this error:
    http://www.filefactory.com/file/d0456b/n/error_JPG

    Is this related to this update ?
    is this why i am not able to update ?

  • Dan August 19, 2008, 11:32 pm

    Can you get the 1.1.4 version?

  • Kristy August 20, 2008, 9:44 pm

    Worked like a charm!

    Thanks!

  • Derek August 20, 2008, 10:59 pm

    dude it actually worked!! like, perfectly!!! dude THX!!!!

  • wtf August 22, 2008, 1:24 am

    ok why does the link not take you to an official apple webpage?

  • kkfgeo August 24, 2008, 6:48 am

    Thank you for posting this. It worked perfectly. I was really mad when I found out that I had to pay $ to upgrade the OS when I bought the iTouch NEW!!! It’s almost like buying a new car, and when you get home, you find out your car has a carburetor and I need to pay $ to upgrade to fuel injection. And the iTouch is not cheaper than the iPhone, and they get a free upgrade. Anyways, thank you very very much!

  • asapai August 25, 2008, 11:02 am

    worked great, thanks dude

  • Jais August 27, 2008, 12:03 am

    I am a potential candidate interested in this download.
    Hey!I am worried why there is n’t any genius to answer for those who had error messages and stuck after they did download!!!Hope some one will come!

    Is it still working

  • Jisatsu August 27, 2008, 3:48 am

    Hey for the people that was having the problem with the ipod it was saying cannot sync with numbers. all you have to do is download Itunes again, and it will accept it. I use Mac so i’m not sure for microsoft.

    Also Check under your Music File, click on itunes and search for anything that looks different and delete it

  • Jisatsu August 27, 2008, 3:50 am

    ooh i forgot to add to save you time and trouble before you do what he tells you hold down ctrl and click on your ipod and make a backup, takes 5 seconds.

  • help please? August 27, 2008, 7:23 pm

    is there any possible way that this could completely break your ipod touch??

  • Adrian August 27, 2008, 8:28 pm

    😀 it really works thanks!!

  • Scott Soo Chin August 28, 2008, 7:57 pm

    I tried using this method several times following the instructions, downloading from the sources provided, holding Shift when clicking restore, selecting the firmware I downloaded. All seems to be fine up until an error message pops up. I think one that says “-5” something I can’t remember off hand.
    This is the correct filename right?
    iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw
    If so can someone PLEASE help?

  • Scott Soo Chin August 28, 2008, 8:00 pm

    I tried doing this by following the instructions:

    1. Download iTunes 7.7 from Here.
    did it
    2. Hold Shift and click Restore.
    did it
    3. Select iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw
    did it
    4. Enjoy!
    did not

    Can someone please help?

  • Jason August 30, 2008, 12:28 am

    The update went fine. However, iTunes still says that there is a newer version available but no worries, I can now (legally) download the update via iTunes. For free.

  • Esteban August 31, 2008, 1:57 am

    Sounds good, just let me try and let you know how it goes.

  • Esteban August 31, 2008, 3:47 am

    Wow, absolutely your are the man!! it worked fine.

  • alekos September 2, 2008, 7:01 pm

    hi. can any1 help me? i have 1.1.5 vers but i haven’t mail weather and the others icons. if i will do that will i have them?? thx

  • rorr September 3, 2008, 6:33 am

    which download link did you use?

  • stof September 5, 2008, 11:53 pm

    great job,

    thx a lot.

  • dave September 6, 2008, 3:39 am

    Has anyone tried this with 1.1.5? If so please tell me thanks.

  • Felix Trinh September 10, 2008, 5:54 pm

    Hey I’m really interested in this, but I worried by a few things:

    1. Restoring erases everything, but I could just put it all back on right?

    2. How do I download the free applications? Can I buy the purchasable ones later on?

    3. Really, will this work for anyone? (I have a 8gig iTouch never been jailbroken)

    Thank-you!

  • nick September 13, 2008, 7:29 am

    wow..!! took its time but it got there.. cheers mate !

  • stan September 16, 2008, 10:16 am

    will this work on those ipods with 1.1.5 version?
    i noticed that people here with 1.1.5 version are experiencing similar problem… i have this version but i uncertain if this will work…

  • Tosca September 16, 2008, 12:32 pm

    Hey I need help!

    I updated the new apple software ! now i lost all my information an my iPod Touch I need to download the old iTunes so i can have Installer and stuff again !
    but i cant find anywhere the last update … can anyone help me?

  • George lozano September 20, 2008, 6:33 am

    Works !!!! hehe thanks a lot !!! 😀

  • lucky September 21, 2008, 1:09 am

    Thank you so much! I tried this on iTunes 8 and it works perfectly!

  • me September 21, 2008, 2:48 am

    Hey, are you going to reply any of the inquiries?

  • Paul September 21, 2008, 5:06 am

    Don’t know if this page is still valid any more because there arn’t any post for a while, but i tried this and when i got past all the preparing stages of the resore it said unkown error. I assume this patch has been fixed by apple. Thanks anyway.

  • Riyad September 24, 2008, 5:48 am

    hey its work fine. but one thing whenever i tried to download any software from apple it asks for apple account information. but i dont have any account in apple. so what can i do..please help

  • KUK September 26, 2008, 4:54 pm

    Wow. Worked fine on my Ipod Touch w/ Firmware 1.1.4. Now I’ve got Firmware 2.1.

  • Hairy GI September 26, 2008, 11:45 pm

    THis isn’t working for me. I am on iTunes 8.0, and when I try to update I get error 6. Tried a couple of times but no good. Can anyone help?

  • tana September 27, 2008, 5:10 pm

    Hi,

    I tried it! It doesn’t work!
    It says: “Unknown Error” when I try to choose iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore after I’ve hold Shift and pressed Restore!

    HELP!

  • yap September 29, 2008, 5:05 pm

    Thanks, it works just great!

  • Addd October 1, 2008, 9:15 am

    It didn’t work, my iTunes automatically updated to iTunes8 then i pressed shift but i couldn’t find a restore button? any help? also if I have an 8GB version 1.1.1 (the original iTouch) does it still work?! please help me!

  • Norman October 1, 2008, 5:22 pm

    Hey I did everything said but it gives me after i click open and “unknown error 1403”
    So please can anyone help me? (as soon as possible please)

  • chris October 5, 2008, 9:05 pm

    I’m trying it, hope it works.

  • Alex October 6, 2008, 10:20 am

    It works YAY, thanks man.
    U RULE

  • yong October 8, 2008, 1:09 am

    It is working for me with iTune 8.0. thank you so much.

  • Simon October 8, 2008, 1:18 am

    Thank you thank you!!!
    Works like a charm! I did it in Mac using ALT instead of SHIFT and now it works perfectly.

    Gracias again!

  • Chai October 8, 2008, 9:25 pm

    It worked wonderfully!!!! Thanks Dude, Appreciate It.

  • Rajiv October 9, 2008, 6:28 am

    Help me out guys!!!!

    I did all those things you have told me to…
    But when i Shift+Restore i immediately get an “an unknown error occured (1403)…
    right now i ve got the 1.1.5 Fireware…
    I had previously Jailborken my iPod using Zibri…but since then I have restored to my original Firmware and updated to 1.1.5
    And my iPod is Mac Formatted…Does that matter?

  • Jon October 10, 2008, 2:31 am

    if i restore itunes after i download 7.7 will it erase all my songs and videos

  • rehman October 11, 2008, 9:58 am

    does this work with ipod touch 1.1.5??
    or should i degrade my ipod to 1.1.4 and then try it
    i cannot take risks as it is pretty costly and will do it only wen it is 100% effective pls help anyone

  • Mircea October 12, 2008, 9:45 pm

    Right now on iTunes it writes restoring iPod software…and its been like that for a long time…should it last that long…help!?

  • davit October 13, 2008, 4:12 am

    Freakshare mirror does not work.

  • Atty October 17, 2008, 9:56 pm

    Hi Guyz..
    As informed ive installed Itunes Setup..
    but im not able to download the Firmware through the links ..As it is showing that the File could be found..

    Help me ..plz
    to get the firmware
    thnx…

  • Carrottop October 19, 2008, 6:05 pm

    You’re great!
    I’m glad there excist people like you.
    Thanks to you i can save a lot of money!
    &it actually works!
    It’s just great!

    Thanks a lot!

  • Amr October 23, 2008, 3:05 am

    Thank You Very Much!!!! It works great

  • Austin October 24, 2008, 6:38 pm

    You were the one who fixed all my problems. When I’m getting my iPod touch I will always come to this site.

  • Sean! October 27, 2008, 8:07 pm

    Your a living legend!

    Thanks very much mate. Worked like a charm and its great!

    Cheers again! 😉

  • Ben, 15. November 3, 2008, 2:19 am

    What Sean said!

    Thankyou so much! (Its doing it right now fingers crossed).

    Legend (=

  • Vikrant Korde November 7, 2008, 8:40 am

    Thanks Saad
    i have not yet updated the firmware on iPod but at least there is a ray of hope. and after reading the comments by all users, i am sure it will work with my ipod touch 8GB also.
    the only thing that bug me is the merging of the files on windows XP. I found one comment for it in the same blog

    Windows XP, use HJSplit ( http://www.freebytesoftware.com/download/hjsplit.zip ) to join the three splitted files…

    Thanks.

  • Hany November 18, 2008, 11:52 pm

    Hello…I am using iPod 16GB right now…after downloading this file I followed the steps mentioned above, on this site of yours but when I hold shift and press restore and then click the file, an error occurs and my iPod isn’t updated.

    Please sir could you help me out in this little problem of mine…I’ll be really thankful to you if you could help me…Bye.

  • Juan November 19, 2008, 5:19 am

    Thanks dude i didn’t know you could do this…

  • Jojo November 20, 2008, 3:25 am

    I have a Mac OS X, and iTunes 8, will it work? I don’t want my iPod to be bricked…

  • Jonathan November 20, 2008, 4:48 am

    My Version is 1.1.3…is it compatible with this update?

  • Jonathan November 20, 2008, 1:53 pm

    Does the iTunes 8 can do this? i have the first generation ipod touch is this compatible with it?

  • Ray November 23, 2008, 12:54 pm

    Only can be updated by Mac? not through Windows?

  • john November 24, 2008, 6:36 pm

    Hey guys!

    Somehow its not working on mine. when I do the whole Shift, Tab and restore thing and start updating, it only says that its preparing to restore and after like a minute theres an error and its not able to do so.

    Can u tell me what I am wrong? thanks a lot!

  • Ezmyrelda November 25, 2008, 9:02 am

    This for the person that purchased the upgrade. Once you purchase it you can put it on as many iPods as you want. The upgrade is attached to a user account NOT an iPod. BTW 2.2 is a great update as it fixes connection issues with WPA/2.

  • Jess November 30, 2008, 10:17 am

    hm.
    okay so i uploaded it on one of the links.
    and its uploaded to my computer.

    now what do i do??

  • cole December 3, 2008, 6:30 am

    Hey anyone i have a little issue. i cant connect to the internet. any ideas? the new software seem to be working just fine but it wnt connect to the internet source anymore. pelase help

    • Bugs December 15, 2008, 4:00 am

      Hi Cole,

      May be a stupid point.. but have you reconfigured your wireless access? The upgrade for some, does erase all configurations and you have to do it again.

      Bugs.

  • Bugs December 9, 2008, 3:14 am

    Well wanted to thank you for uploading the FW. and thanks to all who have posted their comments. It did help me get thru from 1.1.5 to 2.2 (yes its 2.2 now). there was a scary moment where my iPod Touch just hung and refused to accept any of my commands. after a few nervous minutes it was back up and on to 2.0. I restarted and loaded up iTunes and opted for the upgrade to 2.2. iTunes quickly downloaded the package, but soon enough there was an error “13” saying it has failed updates. But once again I restarted connected to iTunes and there is was 2.2. I confirmed this on the iPod Touch too.. It says 2.2. its been working fine for the last hr or so. I was able to sync all my songs and pics.

    Thanks once again guys. this works like a charm..

    Bugs.

  • Jake December 12, 2008, 3:24 pm

    Hey I am trying it and I cant figure out how to do it?

    • Bugs December 15, 2008, 4:04 am

      Hi Jake,

      I’m quoting the steps mentioned by LG ( almost half a page above).

      *********************************
      For those of you having trouble, after you download the new iTunes and the ipsw file from one of the addresses given in the original post, plug in your iPod touch. When iTunes opens, the restore button is located on the main tab where you would sync the files from your library. You want to hold down the shift key when you click on the restore button and a window should open asking for the ipsw file. It’ll work and tell you that the iPod is being restored to its factory settings but then you’ll see all the new features afterwards on the iPod screen. The only bummer is that all your files have to be re-synced but that’s just a minor issue.
      *************************************

      Follow this and you should be fine,
      Bugs.

  • Alucard December 17, 2008, 6:36 am

    If my iPod touch is Jailbroken would this work? Please need a answer for this question! Am so Puzzled!

    • Audge March 5, 2009, 6:42 am

      Alucard

      Yes, if your iPod is jailbroken you can still upgrade it to 2.0 but when you restore it, it will no longer be jailbroken

  • Jack December 20, 2008, 7:03 am

    This works amazing. Thanks.

  • avi December 21, 2008, 6:59 pm

    Just to let you know I successfully upgraded from 1.1.4 to 2.0 using the tutorial above.

    I then connected to iTunes and upgraded to 2.2 with no problems. I now have the new apps and appstore is working fine. I chose not to jailbreak so can’t comment on that

    Thanks for everybody’s help

  • vivian December 25, 2008, 7:18 pm

    Hello

    I did everything right, but it keeps getting stuck at “Preparing iPod for software update”!

    what should I do? is anyone experiencing the same problem?

  • Leigh January 2, 2009, 9:14 am

    Does this work with iTunes 8.0?

  • Johnnie Rocket January 7, 2009, 10:15 am

    Hey, this worked perfectly for me, I did exactly as the instructions above said, and it seems to have gone great. I even went on to update to version 2.2 and that went smoothly too. It automatically re-synched all the content I had put on the ipod, so I didn’t have to reload all my content, but I haven’t yet checked the WEP codes or other settings. Oh, and I cancelled the re-synch at the version 2.0 bootup, as it will be wiped out again immediately at the 2.2 update. No use in waiting that extra 30 minutes twice. It does take a pretty long time – I have about 8 gigs on my 16GB model and it took around 2 hours start to finish.

    Thanks alot, not just for the cost savings, but for the spirit of helping others!

  • Ace January 10, 2009, 10:47 pm

    Pardon me! but will it work with the latest itunes?

  • ACE January 11, 2009, 1:15 am

    and why does it takes forever to restore the new software!?:(

  • madi January 12, 2009, 4:41 am

    I ask the same question, will it work for iTunes 8?

  • 33som January 14, 2009, 2:01 pm

    It works with itunes 8

  • Codin January 17, 2009, 9:38 am

    gosh, I don’t get this… where do i get the firmware? when i press shift, nothing happens

  • kris January 22, 2009, 10:16 pm

    Hey! every time I try to upgrade my ipod to 2.0 (hold shift and click restore, then select iPod Firmware file) it always says error 1403. I have installed RegCure and done the super long scan many times and fixed the errors but the Error 1403 still comes up!

    Please help me :(

  • confused January 23, 2009, 8:20 pm

    I hold shift and click on restore, I can’t find the file you told me about, I’ll be expecting an e-mail from you.

  • mrb91 January 25, 2009, 2:17 am

    Worked perfectly. Thanks a lot for the link.

  • Farrin January 25, 2009, 8:44 pm

    After I spent an hour downloading the file, I went into my itunes, held shift and clicked restore, found the file and clicked okay, it said an unknown error occurred.

    Now what? please help!

  • Stefan January 30, 2009, 4:12 am

    It worked! thanks 😀

  • Billy January 31, 2009, 3:08 pm

    Worked like a dream on a Macbook running iTunes 8.0 and first generation 8gb touch… An hour to download from uploaded to then 20 minutes of installation of 2.0 and then iTunes asks if I want to update to 2.2.1 which it does without problems so another 20 minutes of download and the newest firmware is there. Cool

  • Gizelle February 5, 2009, 9:27 pm

    To those who are getting the Error 1403, please make sure that you’re downloading the whole 222.6 MB file. Sometimes, due to unknown glitch, you tend to download only part of the file thus giving you this error when you restore. I know ’cause it happened to me.

    It took me a couple of hours to download (about 2 or 3 hours, I think) but it was worth the wait as I’m able to upgrade my iPod’s software from version 1.1.4 to 2.0. Then I proceeded to upgrade again to version 2.2.1 and this time, iTunes didn’t harass me to pay $9.95 anymore.

    You just need a lot of patience on this one but it works. And by the way, you can do this trick even on iTunes 8.0. :)

  • nadeem February 8, 2009, 12:25 am

    Can someone help me out? How long does the update process take? Its been saying “preparing iPod for restore” for the longest time now
    should it take more then 5 mins?

  • David February 8, 2009, 10:16 pm

    When I try to install this, I get Error 1604. I tried all the methods of solving it such as delete update.dll, re-install iTunes, and putting the touch into restore/recovery mode but nothing works.

    I also tried using a different account and finally a different computer but I still get the same error.

    Any ideas?

  • Chris February 18, 2009, 12:38 am

    You can also get this file on torrent sites like the Pirate Bay. For example: http://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4287908/iPod1_1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw

    Downloads a lot faster ..

  • Roman February 20, 2009, 6:56 am

    Just to clear this out for everybody, It works on iTunes 8. Use HjSplit to join the parts if you downloaded them off Rapidshare.

    And yes it works on Windows too.

    Its okay for it to say processing… just wait after about 10-20 mins, it will say that it has been restored.

  • jenny February 21, 2009, 7:05 pm

    iTunes 7.7 doesn’t work, is it ok if I use iTunes 8?

  • jenny February 23, 2009, 9:00 pm

    ive been trying to download the firmware but there seems to be a problem cause it can not download completely.by the way my itouch version is 1.1.5(4B1) before its 1.1.4.can somebody please help me out..

  • Timstar February 23, 2009, 10:34 pm

    Works like a charm. Thank you!

  • KJ February 25, 2009, 3:38 am

    OMG!!! Life saver. You have made my day!!! Thank you soooooooooo much.

    I had iTunes 8, Mac, and 32GB Ipod touch. Worked without any trouble. SMOOTH!!!

  • Jeroen March 1, 2009, 9:37 pm

    Thanks very much!
    After about an hour download and 10 minutes waiting, it works perfect!

  • woolfy March 14, 2009, 9:50 am

    Thanks a bunch, you saved my life

  • april March 27, 2009, 8:03 am

    i did everything but when i click shift and restore nothing happens
    what do i do!!

  • tunnie April 3, 2009, 1:53 am

    works well for me, no issues here, was using iTunes8. Mac users, hold down alt and click restore, not shift.

  • Alex April 5, 2009, 8:55 am

    Hi!
    Tried to download this awsome software but it keeps telling me that ‘My ipod could not be restored because the firmwire file is not compatible.’
    Is my ipod touch too old to update using your software? Software version is 1.1.5?

    Thanks :)

    • Chad June 8, 2009, 10:01 am

      Mine is doing the same thing!
      I need help!

  • Kea June 10, 2009, 5:11 pm

    Does this work with 1.1.5 software version?

  • Shanaz June 11, 2009, 7:34 pm

    Thank you so much! I was not going to pay $10 for that silly update. :)

  • Beau2110 June 17, 2009, 4:54 pm

    I am also getting the firmware is not compatible error
    can someone please help!

  • Robin June 20, 2009, 3:21 am

    This is fantastic!! took 30 minutes, saved £5.50 and got free aps on my ipod fantastic!

  • Satish Gandham June 20, 2009, 10:52 am

    Thanks buddy
    How about the 3.0 update??

  • Mansi1 July 1, 2009, 6:24 pm

    its awesome!!! it works thanks a lot!!!!
    you are an whiz!!!

    thanks thanks tanks !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11

    • aimee July 8, 2009, 9:23 am

      hi Mansi1:
      i see u did installed it, can u help me???
      i downloaded it but when i press shift+restore it doesnt apear!!!
      what should i do?????
      ( my ipod is first generation, 16G, firmware 1.1.5 )
      please help me!!
      thanks

  • Mansi1 July 1, 2009, 11:24 pm

    its awesome!!! it works thanks a lot!!!!
    you are an whiz!!!

    thanks thanks tanks !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11

  • Ishmael Essel July 4, 2009, 4:16 am

    can any one help me how to update my ipodtouch for free?

  • georgia July 7, 2009, 6:31 pm

    btw does this work without the freakshare mirror thing?,coz it doesn’t exist anymore

  • johnny July 21, 2009, 8:46 am

    hi. I updated my ipod touch 2g to 3.0. NOw i can not upload music it says syncing error (13001). before i updated the iPod it had music but now it says syncing error!!! does any one know wat to do
    Thanx

  • sammy July 21, 2009, 9:24 am

    it doesnt work for me it says that it’s not compatible why???
    some one help please

  • pangce July 26, 2009, 12:28 pm

    hey do i need to download all the parts? i see part 1, part 2 and part 3…do i need to download all three or just one?

    thanks man…been looking for something like this

  • Daniela July 30, 2009, 2:44 am

    After the download is complete I Do what it says and window shows up and everything but i can’t find the file. i founf it in my desktop but when i so the shift+ restore it doesnt show up on desktop

  • Spliffer August 2, 2009, 3:32 pm

    The link below is where I downloaded the FULL firmware instead of the 3 files from rapidshare.

    http://www.felixbruns.de/iPod/firmware/

    Simply make sure you choose the correct one. (1G, 2G) if you don’t you will get a firmware error

    For those of you that dont know if you have 1G or 2G, the 2G has buttons on the side (volume) whereas the 1G doesn’t :)

  • Spliffer August 2, 2009, 8:07 pm

    I forgot to mention that I also added firmware 3.0 seemlessly

    Shukran habibi

  • Eileen_Rosenthal August 20, 2009, 6:06 pm

    what if u already have itunes??? so how do u do it?

  • Noora August 22, 2009, 2:17 am

    hey all!
    i jus had a few questionz….so plz if u'd b nyce enuf to answer…i m only 15 so m not to sure how this upgrade works..
    like does erase evrythn u hav on ur ipodz? and does it like not allow u to have your old apps back and also is this good?? coz wat if this messiz up my ipod? den since i liv in ksa…i mite nt b able to fix it dat easily eider…so plz…i jus need sum guud advice…oh and last question…how do u put it in ur ipod? i dnt get dat part.

  • Name September 7, 2009, 3:07 am

    Rapid share makes you PAY to download the second and third part of the firmware

  • jin September 18, 2009, 1:52 pm

    it said firmware file is not compatible. what am I going to do? Please help me.

  • dariodelvecchio October 6, 2009, 11:54 am

    Hello
    i'm not able to upgrade for free my ipod with iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw

    when i click to restore it search to ipod upgrade e does not offer me the choice to choose the upgrade but only the option to restore my 1.1 original settings.
    do i do something wrong?
    thank you for your time
    Dario

  • Rachel October 11, 2009, 4:16 pm

    Hey. Im thinking about doing this because I REALLY want to put some apps into my ipod. But, can someone tell me if this will mess up my Ipod touch in any way? Cause if there's even a 5% chance it might, I am not willing to take the risk.

    Cheers.

  • aya October 25, 2009, 11:22 am

    i downloaded teh itunes, but i dont know hopw and when to hold shift and click restore?? can anyone help me

    • greenfire63 October 31, 2009, 2:53 am

      Connect your ipod to itunes, click on the ipod in the left hand toolbar in itunes, go to summary. On the bottom, you should see a breakdown of your ipod's free space. Look up, and you will see 2 buttons. Update, and restore. Hold shift and click restore, then find the downloaded file and select it.

      Voila.

  • Meghan Murcott November 29, 2009, 1:27 am

    thannnk you

  • Meghan Murcott November 29, 2009, 6:27 am

    thannnk you

  • GHOST June 7, 2010, 1:50 am

    this was the best help ever screw youtube xGzBxGHOST

  • Gorinilorenzo November 6, 2010, 3:26 pm

    is it meant to take more than ten minutes to put 2.0 in my ipod because its saying ” restoring ipod software “

  • gob1013 December 9, 2010, 4:54 am

    when i go to select iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw, it says not compatible. what do i do?

  • Surfie_babe July 2, 2011, 10:50 am

    what is firmware ??

  • anon March 20, 2012, 1:24 am

     This is frustrating! Doing this, your telling me to select
    “iPod1,1_2.0_5A347_Restore.ipsw” where is it  in my documents, like what do you mean. Mind elaborating you explanation.

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